Soil for garlic – the experience of industrial cultivation

 

 

To obtain good harvests of garlic, it is most important to determine which soil is most suitable for garlic and how to prepare it properly.

 
 
 
 



 
 
 
 

Optimal soil for garlic (summary):

 

Type of soil Loamy and sandy loamy soils

The best soils for garlic are non-flooded floodplains, light loamy and sandy loamy black earth (humus).Heavy loamy and sandy soils are not suitable for garlic.

Relief Without deflections (in which water could stagnate in the spring) and elevations (where strong winter winds blow away snow and can promote the freezing of the culture).
Watering Garlic it is necessary to provide irrigation. On the field needs a well or a pond
PH value 6,5-7,9. Does not like acidic soils. Sour soils should be limed.
Good predecessors Predecessor must vacate the pitch no later than the end of July.

Grains, legumes for green forage, hay and silage, annual and perennial herbs to feed, clean and green manure couples

After a well-fertilized legumes, pumpkin, early cabbage and cauliflower, root vegetables on beam products, early greens

Bad predecessors Potatoes, tomatoes, crops of the Onion family, because they share a common disease and common pests

Re-grow a garlic on the garlic or onions valid not earlier than after 4-5 years

Note The introduction of fresh manure has a negative impact – reduced phytosanitary quality products.

Garlic has a positive opinion on the aftereffect of organic fertilizers

 

Ukrainian garlic cooperative “UkrUp” offers:

 

+380 50 694 4199 Tatiana

+380 67 446 5295 Anna

 

sevooborot

 

 

Rotation of garlic

So it is best if in the field until planting garlic grown: winter wheat, beans, cucumber, zucchini, green culture, early, early cabbage and cauliflower.

Previous culture must be collected no later than 30-40 days before planting garlic. That is until around the end of August.

It is advised not to repeat crops of garlic on the same field in the next few years, because of the possible development of diseases. Although in practice, with proper care for seeds and crops, this period may be reduced to 1-2 years.

 

vspashka-polya

 

 

Preparing the soil for garlic

Peeling of the field. Conducted directly after the predecessor to a depth of 6-8 cm disc plows in the two tracks. Peeling should be held simultaneously with the wiping of culture, the predecessor of the garlic. Main task is to control weeds and improve physical soil characteristics.

Winter plowing. Follow-up operation. It is performed 12 to 14 days after peeling in a perpendicular direction to the first treatment, to a depth of 25-27 cm. With this treatment, the weeded weeds are killed and closed into the soil of the fertilizer. Plowing is carried out 30-50 days before planting garlic.

Mineral and organic fertilizers are applied to plowing:

mineral:

  • for sprinkling N90-120P60-150K60-120
  • drip irrigation is used, the fractional application of fertilizers under plowing 35-50%, the rest by fertigation (through the drip)

organic:

  • organic — 40-60 t/ha of humus

Preplant cultivation is carried out on the day of planting garlic at a 90° angle to the plowing.

 

vnesenie udobreniy

 
 
 




 
 
 

Fertilizer of the soil under the garlic

Garlic responds positively to the application of organic and mineral fertilizers

Organic fertilizers for garlic are made in the form of humus or compost 40-60 t / ha. Once again pay attention – fresh manure is not recommended.

They are brought in autumn under autumn plowing.

Mineral fertilizers must be introduced taking into account the indices of soil cartograms. The application rates range from 60-150 kg ai / ha.

For example, it might look like this:

For ordinary humus: N120P90K60 kg / ha active ingredient

You can apply fertilizers throughout the Area or locally in a row. If you make it locally in the row then the rate of application of mineral fertilizers is reduced by 2-3 times.

Mineral fertilizers are introduced in autumn under plowing or in spring under early cultivation.

 

 


Andrey Marchenko


To receive up-to-date information on the groving and trading of garlic – subscribe to us on Facebook, or enter your e-mail in the form on the right Facebook, or enter your e-mail in the form on the right.


Leave A Comment