Growing garlic from garlic bulbils involves the use of bulbils as seed garlic aerial nodules and growing trade garlic rounds. This allows improving the garlic and therefore increasing productivity.
Constant use of commodity crop for future planting (through teeth) significantly reduces the effectiveness of garlic culture.
To yield about 8-9 tons / ha should bury up to 2 tons / ha medium cloves garlic trade weighing about 5.6 grams each. To avoid such losses can be used as planting material garlic rounds grown from overhead bulbs (nodules, overhead) formed in the inflorescence of garlic and hardneck up well when crack cap covering the inflorescence.
Seeds garlic rounds more winter-hardy, disease resistant lesions and has a productive generation offspring compared with that obtained from garlic cloves.
As you know, garlic bulbils are mostly the size of grains of oats or barley. Less commonly, they are slightly oval or almost round and shaped like a pea. Different varieties of shape and size vary.
Seeds of garlic – although we use the term, but does not form garlic seeds (other than wild). However, for ease in communication garlic planting material (garlic bulbils, garlic rounds and cloves) called seed garlic.
When should collecting garlic bulbils?
Garlic bulbils for seed harvested when fully formed buds, and 5-6% of the observed cracking cap.
This cut is carried above the first leaf, leaving 30-35 cm arrow below the inflorescence.
On small farms or gardens seed for garlic bulbils quality bulbs can be a number of plants to keep them cleaned.
For drying plants with aerial bulbs should present separately, immediately tucked under tarpaulin buds not to lose the most valuable garlic bulbils that are mature and crumble first. It should be noted that garlic bulbils are better preserved in the inflorescence, so you can shake them before the preparation for sowing.
Ukrainian garlic cooperative “UkrUp” offers:
+380 50 694 4199 Tatiana
+380 67 446 5295 Anna
What crop garlic bulbils from 1 ha
From 1 ha depending on size 10-15 kg received garlic bulbils.
What better to plant garlic bulbils?
Garlic bulbils on the sorted grain cleaning machines.
For sowing are large and medium fractions diameters of 3-5 mm or more.
Very small throw
Small (2-3 mm) if necessary (valuable variety) sown on a separate site. Since her first year formed small irregular garlic rounds that re-planted in the fall to get big.
About how garlic bulbils affects the diameter of the bulbs at harvest garlic rounds, according to a study OY Barabash, OD Scar and SP Hutyri (2002), presented in the table below
As the table shows, the highest yield obtained in the sowing garlic rounds garlic bulbils diameter greater than 5.0 mm – 2.15 t / ha.
|Diameter garlic bulbils, myllymetr||Harves tgarlic rounds, tons / hectare||Output size garlic rounds, %|
|large diameter of 1.5 centimeters||the average diameter of 1-1.4 centimeters||small diameter less than 1 centimeters|
|5,0 and more||2,15||72||20||2|
Garlic bulbils nodules with a diameter of 5 cm or more – was the best structure of the crop, the bulk of which (72%) was great garlic rounds than 1.5 cm in diameter.
Garlic rounds average size was only 20%, while small – 2%.
Reducing the diameter of 3,1-5,0 mm overhead to lead to a significant reduction in yield (10.5 t / ha), while its structure has remained fairly stable.
A significant reduction in yield and deterioration of its structure obtained by sowing garlic bulbils diameter of 2.0-3.0 mm. Here, in addition to a dramatic reduction in yield (7.4 t / ha) observed a significant deterioration of the structure upwards fines garlic rounds to 54%.
It is believed that industrial cultivation of garlic in large areas best suited aerial bulbs diameter greater than 5.0 mm and 3,1-5,0 mm
Timing and ways of sowing an bulbils, care, cleaning a one-handed
Selection of sites
For the growth of garlic bulbils garlic rounds garlic nodules should devote vysokorodyuchyh and clean weeds from the area. Tillage and fertilization are the same as in commercial crops of garlic.
Area aligns well before sowing.
When garlic bulbils plant onions (nodules) garlic:
- Garlic bulbils autumn planting bulbs of garlic
- Garlic bulbils spring planting bulbs of garlic
Planting garlic nodules fall
Top sowing 8-10 days for mass planting garlic. When sowing in such terms to freezing garlic bulbils soil is well rooted in the spring, using reserves fall and winter moisture, better grow and develop, creating a large garlic rounds.
Planting garlic nodules spring
If you can not fall planting garlic nodules can conduct aerial sowing spring bulbs, but at the earliest timing as soon as possible to leave the field. Yields garlic rounds thus be lower compared with the autumn sowing.
Which aisle for planting garlic bulbils
In large areas garlic bulbils can be sown
- Broadband means the distance between rows of 45 cm and 6-8 cm wide strips
- Way conveyor aisles of 60-70 cm in the film by placing rows 6-12 of the distance between 7-15-20 cm.
On small garden plots
- String usual way with the distance between rows 20-25 cm. Seeding rate depends on the method of sowing, and the size of the overhead bulb
How much garlic bulbils follicles (nodules) of garlic per hectare
When sowing garlic bulbils diameter of 3-5 mm required volume of 100-200 kg / ha and with a diameter of more than 5 mm is increased to 300-500 kg
At what depth to plant garlic overhead
The optimum depth of seal:
- For a small fraction – 3.0 cm;
- Large – up to 4,0-5,0 cm.
Very effective lines mulching with peat or humus layer of 2-3 cm.
How to care for crops aerial bulbs
Care of crops is hoeing and weeding between the rows. Spring crops in large areas harrowed. Density of planting bulbs should be 40-50 per 1 p. m.
Effective measures are feeding
- First conducted in late March – early April
- Second – in the first five days of May
As for winter garlic doses.
For small areas preferably in the second feeding wood ash to make the rate of about 5-6 glasses of 10 m2.
Watering crops aerial bulbs also are effective. Especially in May in the absence of rain – 1-2 irrigation must do.
When the garlic harvest garlic rounds
Very carefully to monitor the growth and development of plants garlic rounds at the end of the growing season (mid – beginning of the last decade of June) to correctly identify the harvesting period, which coincides with the beginning of yellowing and leaf tips start laying pen. Collection of late can not, as garlic rounds leaves quickly wither and die and self-pollute bulb in the ground which greatly complicates selecting garlic rounds leads to significant yield losses.
How to dig garlic rounds
In large areas of the root system usually trimmed straps and choose plants from the soil by hand and taught in the line to dry.
On small plots garlic rounds shovels dig shallow selected from the soil and lay in rows as chive it is desirable to complete drying.
Post harvest handling garlic rounds
In rainy weather garlic rounds can be dried under a canopy in the attic or under a film on the arcs.
The well dried garlic rounds put away the stem-pen, cut off the roots, gently cleaned off the ground, sorted by size and lay in storage in a dry, well-ventilated area, preferably dark.
Garlic rounds diameter divided into two classes:
- Class I – more than 12 mm
- Class II – 10-12 mm
Garlic rounds I and class II forms developed normally after planting garlic bulbs. Smaller bulbs instead garlic rounds usually divided into teeth, forming large garlic rounds that can be used as planting material. It is used to store valuable varieties of planting material, given that growing garlic hard neck through garlic rounds not only stabilizes the valuable features of variety, but within three to five years can significantly improve them.
Planted garlic rounds already full for the bulb, the terms and schemes adopted for winter planting garlic.
The information was prepared by Andrew Marchenko